Seminar: “Mexico - Presidential, Congressional and Local Elections 2018”
9/7/2018 14:56' Send story Print story

In his opening speech, Assoc. Prof. Dr. Nguyen Viet Thao emphasized that the seminar was held on the occasion of Mexican  hurrying preparation for the presidential, parliamentary and local authority elections in 2018. It is the largest-scale election in Mexico's history and the most important political event in Mexico this year. The election results  will greatly affect Mexico’s  development path in the coming years, including its foreign policy. Therefore, with the traditional friendship between Vietnam and Mexico and the role and function of the Academy, the seminar is an important opportunity for scientists, officials and lecturers of the Academy to learn and research more deeply the current socio-economic and political developments of Mexico, especially the Mexican electoral system.

Overview of the seminar

At the seminar, Ms. Sara Valdes Bolano, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of Mexico to Vietnam, briefly introduced the presidential, congressional and local authority elections in 2018, and the general overview of the electoral system, the electoral process, independence and transparency of Mexican Electoral Agencies.

On July 1st, 2018, federal elections will be held in Mexico, as well as local elections - in 30 of the 32 states. Federal elections include the presidential election, the 500 members of the Chamber of Deputies, and 128 members of the Senate that form the Congress in Mexico. In addition, many local authorities will also be elected.

About the electoral system, the Mexican electoral system is regulated at the federal level by the General Law of Electoral Institutions and Procedures, which establishes general rules for all elections. This system was formed by the National Electoral Institute (INE) and32 Local Electoral Agencies. The INE is an independent constitutional organization responsible for administering all activities related to the organization and management of federal elections. The Council including 11 members is the highest steering body of the INE, responsible for enforcing the Constitution and the laws of Mexico on electoral matters in accordance with the principles of certainty, legality, independence, equity, objectivity and publicity. Council meetings are open to the public with the participation of representatives of political parties and the Congress, but these representatives are not allowed to vote. All decisions of the INE and Local Electoral Agencies can also be debated in front of the states’ specialized judicial authorities and the Federal Electoral Tribunal.

The electoral process in Mexico consists of three stages: pre-campaigns, mid-campaigns and electoral campaign. Campaigns before the presidential election last 60 days from the beginning of this year, including the internal processes of selecting candidates in each political party. The mid-campaigns mark the deadline for registration of candidates from parties or independent candidates. During this time the activities of promoting the image of the candidates are prohibited. The electoral campaigns include the group of activities that the parties and the candidates conduct to promote and win over votes. In the case of the presidential election, these activities start at the end of March for a period of 90 days. Campaigns will  close before the Election Day, and all costs incurred in the three stages are reported and verified by the electoral authorities, INE.

At the seminar, delegates also exchanged and clarified the right to candidacy, the right to run for election and the right to vote of Mexican citizens; the rules for campaigning election for political parties in Mexico, confidentiality, reliability and constitutionality of election results from federal to state level.

The seminar ended in the morning on the same day.

The delegates attending the seminar took photo at the Ho Chi Minh National Academy of Politics          

News, photo: Minh Hang & Duc Manh

Translator: Le Huyen/ Proofreader: Nguyen Viet Nga